Disabled Sports, also known as special sports, sports for the disabled and physical education for the disabled. Refers to the physical activities with hearing, vision, language, intelligence, limbs and other aspects of the disabled as the main participants, with the purpose of strengthening the body, physical rehabilitation, functional recovery, will quality and self-care ability.
The Rise of Disabled Sports
The origin of the international sports for the disabled can be traced back to the Second World War. People disabled by war can recover and re-participate in social life through appropriate sports activities. As a result, sports for the disabled have been gradually taken seriously and developed worldwide.
What Difference Between Disabled and Abled
Sports competitions are athletes’ competitive activities under the conditions and specific rules. From this perspective, both the disabled and the healthy are the same. The reason why disabled sports competitions are different from healthy persons is determined by their own characteristics. The so-called disability, including visual disability, hearing and language disability, physical disability, intellectual disability and mental disability, no matter what kind of disability, physical function has certain obstacles. Meanwhile, there is a main difference between disabled and abled that it is necessary to evaluate and analyze the motion function (ability) of the disabled in order to determine which sports are most suitable for them and are beneficial to their physical and mental health. Let us conclude it as four of differences below,
- Different Sports Events
Sports for disabled athletes have increased considerably compared with similar sports items of healthy people. For example, in the men’s 100m track and field events, there is only one champion for the healthy, while the disabled athletes, because of their different ranks, produce more than one champion, even more than a dozen.
- Competition Rules
According to the different types of disability and dysfunction, the competition for the disabled has special rules based on the rules of the healthy person, which are only applicable to the competition for the disabled, but not for the competition for the healthy person. The competition rules for 14 sport events were approved in accordance with the International Rules for the Physically Handicapped. These projects include: Track and Field, Swimming, Weightlifting, Table-Tennis, Sitting volleyball, Wheelchair basketball, Blind judo, Shooting, Archery, Wheelchair tennis, Wheelchair fencing, Bicycle, Badminton, Blind goalball.
- Different from aid equipment and auxiliary personnel
Many games need to be done with the aid equipment and auxiliary personnel. Athletes with leg disabilities need wheelchairs with aid equipment when playing. When a B1 or B2 blind athletes participate in track and field events, they need a lead runner. Accordingly, designing competition items for the disabled, formulating rules of competition, designing sports prostheses and sports wheelchairs are indispensable.
Aid Equipment for Disable Athletes
Related wheelchairs, prostheses for disable athletes needs to be inspect strictly during producing and raw material choice. So as good B2B trade platform in China, there are some of B2B giant such as Alibaba, Global Resource and Sinosources may offer suppliers service for specific products as wheelchairs or prostheses.